Types of Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a relatively short-term type of psychotherapy, which research has demonstrated is as effective as medication for a wide range of psychological problems including: anxiety, depression, obsessions and fears. The emphasis is on how you are thinking and behaving now, rather than on your past experiences.
Psychodynamic and Humanistic (Person-Centered) Approaches
Psychodynamic and person-centered approaches to therapy focus on gaining understanding and insight about yourself and your past as a precursor to change.
TA is a psychological theory that examines the interactions between a person and other people, and facilitates personal growth and change. It is a theory of personality, communication and development and is helpful in consultancy and management as well as in relationships.
Mindfulness is a way of paying attention to the present moment, using a range of techniques. It helps us become more aware of our thoughts and feelings so that instead of being overwhelmed by them, we’re better able to manage them.
Practising mindfulness can give people more insight into their emotions, boost their attention and concentration and improve relationships. It’s proven to help with stress, anxiety, depression and addictive behaviours, and can even have a positive effect on physical problems like hypertension, heart disease and chronic pain.
Gestalt therapy is an existential/experiential form of therapy that emphasizes personal responsibility, and focuses on the individual’s experience in the present moment, the therapist–client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person’s life, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation.
Eye Movement and Desensitization Reprogramming
EMDR is a therapeutic model used by trained clinicians to address psychological trauma and Post Traumatic Stress.
Cognitive Analytic Therapy
CAT is about:
- Forming a trusting relationship with your therapist which allows you to work together to explore the difficulties you are facing
- Identifying your current problems and how they affect your life and well-being
- Looking at the underlying causes of these problems in terms of your earlier life and relationships
- Understanding how you learned to survive sometimes intense and unmanageable feelings by relating to others and yourself in particular ways
- Identifying how these patterns may now be holding you back
- Discovering the choices and ways of doing things differently (‘exits’) that are available to you to make your life better for yourself and those close to you
- Finding out how you can continue to move forward after the therapy has ended
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
DBT is based on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, but been adapted to meet the particular needs of people who experience emotions very intensely.
It is mainly used to treat problems associated with Borderline Personality Disorder such as: repeated self-harming, attempting suicide, use of alcohol or drugs to control emotions, eating problems such as binging and purging, and unstable relationships.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
ACT is an empirically based psychological intervention that uses acceptance and mindfulness strategies, together with commitment and behavior change strategies, to increase psychological flexibility. Psychological flexibility means contacting the present moment fully as a conscious human being, and based on what the situation affords, changing or persisting in behavior in the service of chosen values.
Compassion Focused Therapy
Compassion focused therapy is especially appropriate for people who have high levels of shame and self-criticism and who have difficulty in feeling warmth toward, and being kind to, themselves or others.
Integrative therapy is the integration of elements from different schools of psychotherapy. An integrative psychotherapist adapts and integrates into their therapeutic work specific evidence based techniques that are used in other forms of therapy to address specific aspects of a client’s problem.